Inflected Objects # 2 Circulation – Otherwise, Unhinged
Nina Beier, Juliette Bonneviot, Nina Canell, Bea Fremderman, Rubén Grilo, Tamen Perez, Samara Scott, Jenna Sutela, Marianne Vierø, Dan Walwin, Curated by: Melanie Buehler
25 Jun. – 30 Jul. 2016
“And thus nothing is left but these enormous movings around. Objects appear and disappear like fins of dolphins on the surface of the sea, and objectness gives way to sheer obsolescence. What is important is no longer the object, a concretion inherited from the codes, but metamorphosis, fluidity. Not a dolphin, but a trail, an energetic trace inscribed on the surface.” 1
In 1957, Roland Barthes wrote that “more than a substance, plastic is the very idea of its infinite transformation […] it is ubiquity made visible […] less a thing than the trace of a movement.”2 Today, that ubiquity reaches to the center of our oceans, which are clogged with plastic. And as this plastic gradually breaks down into smaller particles it is swallowed by fish that we end up eating, which is to say, our waste is being fed back to us.
Materials and substances circulate once we dispose of them. They spill out, transform in unpredicted ways or find unexpected applications: birth control pills move through our bodies and into the water, dispersing hormones that can alter the sexes of fish;3 three-legged frogs emerge as a result of the complex interplay of a diminished ozone layer, agricultural pesticides and pharmaceutical residues;4 and plastic bags become prized for nest building by birds seeking increased status during courting rituals.5 Strange metabolisms and forms of re-use characterize the flows of materials as they move from being goods to becoming parts of bodies.
Recently, the term “circular economy” has surfaced for advocating a new way of thinking about the flow of materials. It refers to a logic in which goods are seen as containers for materials that are only temporarily consolidated and will be reclaimed as assets as soon as a product cycle ends. In this future scenario, the status of consumer objects will be one of constant transition. Liquid consumption will replace ownership and intermittent access will replace belonging under the pressure of the constant movement demanded by capitalism – a trend that is already foreshadowed by the current “sharing economy”. Goods are rented, loaned and leased rather than owned by the user; goods become services as their assets, the materials that they contain, need to stay ‘in the hands’ of the companies producing them. Accordingly, much of the work of managing materials within circular economic models will be comprised of surveilling the status of these distributed resources through networked technologies – a situation that raises questions about privacy, data management and growing energy consumption.
In the context of these changing models, the exhibition proposes an understanding of art objects as transient things, assemblages of materials whose destinies remain unknown, and as propositions for assimilation and disintegration. At a time in which the extraction of value from every available asset seems the dominant imperative, the artworks here display forms of waste, non-use and degradation.
Material is regarded as matter that goes beyond the categories of the living and the dead as it creates its own paths on which the organic and the inorganic meet. If control over our bodies is increasingly asserted through chemical substances,6 and if the movement of goods is subject to more and more surveillance, questions of ownership and access need to be re-thought when it comes to the matter constituting and surrounding our lives. In circular economic thinking, linearity needs to be replaced by circularity. However the exhibition acknowledges more complex forms of material flows: life cycles that cannot be predicted, and material currents that go wayward, run upstream, dry out or disassociate.
1.)Jean-Francois Lyotard, ‘Energumen Capitalism’, trans. James Leigh, in Hatred of Capitalism, A Reader, eds. Chris Kraus and Sylvère Lotringer (Los Angeles: Semiotext(e), 2001), 229.
2.) Roland Barthes, Plastic, in: Mythologies, Paris 1957, London Vintage Books 2009, p. 117-119.
6.) Paul Preciado writes: “If in the disciplinary society, architecture and orthopaedics served as models to understand the relation of body-power, in the pharmaco-pornographic society, the models for body control are micro-prosthetics: pharmaco-porn power acts through molecules that become part of our immune system; from the silicon that takes the form of breasts, to a neurotransmitter that modifies our way of perceiving and acting, to a hormone and its systematic effect on hunger, sleep, sexual excitation, aggression and the social codification of our femininity and masculinity.” Beatriz Preciado, Pharmaco-pornographic Politics: Towards a New Gender Ecology, in: parallax, 2008, Vol 14, No 1, p. 110.